The Churches of Britain and Ireland

 

East Ayrshire

East Ayrshire on Wikipedia
 

Auchinleck, Parish Church (CoS). James Murray (2009). Our Lady of Lourdes and St. Patrick (R.C., 1963) on Sorn Road. NS 5505 2251. Howard Richter (2014). Link1. Link2. The former Peden Church of Scotland (1951-1983) on Back Rogerton Cresent. NS 554 222. Howard Richter (2014). Link. The Mission Hall (1901) on Park Road is currently the meeting place for Auchinleck Christian Fellowship. Another view. According to this link it was built as a Gospel Hall for the Plymouth Brethren, but as Howard points out, OS maps never show it as Gospel Hall, only ever Mission Hall. Can you confirm that the Brethren association is correct? NS 5506 2185. Howard Richter (2014). Link. Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses (2009) on Main Street. Another view. There was a previous Kingdom Hall on the same plot of land, which had been converted from terraced housing, and demolished following a fire. A photo is available here. Comparison with this Streetview, it can be seen that the replacement building is set much further back than the original houses. NS 5516 2175. Both Howard Richter (2014). 

Catrine.
Crosshouse, Parish Church (CoS, opened 1882) on Kilmarnock Road. Another view. NS 394 384. Link1. Link2. Link3. Gospel Hall on Annandale Gardens. Another view. NS 3952 3829. All Martin Richter (2013).
Cumnock.

Dalmellington, the Parish Church (1846). Two additional views - 1, 2. NS 4804 0609. The Old Kirk (1766) on Knowehead. After the new church was built, the old church was used as a residence for some 40 years, before being converted into a parish hall in 1888. It was re-built in 1938. Another view. NS 4805 0595. Link (a large pdf). The Old Kirk had been preceded by an earlier church, but other than the fact that there is documentary evidence for it in 1641, almost nothing is known about it. The former Free Church, now used by the 33rd Ayrshire Scouts Group. NS 4791 0586. All Howard Richter (2014). The town had two Catholic churches, both now demolished. Our Lady of the Rosary was built in 1860 on Low Main Street at about NS 4777 0585. The site can be seen here, and the church was centred roughly where the white car is standing. It shows on an old map here (you may need to zoom out with your mouse-wheel to see the map). Link. St. Barbara's R.C. Church opened in 1961 on Gas Brae (since re-named as Townhead), at about NS 4816 6058. A photo of it can be seen here. It was demolished in 2003. Old map here, and the site can be seen here. Link. Howard advises of another church, shown on one of the current O.S. maps at about NS 4805 0599, on the east side of Knowehead, between the church and the Old Kirk. Can you advise what this is?
Dalrymple, the Parish Church (CoS). Three further views - 1, 2, 3. NS 3618 1461. The site of Dalrymple Free Church, which is now unoccupied. The White Horse pub, a few yards away (seen at the right here) was originally the manse. The church was built in 1864, enlarged in the 1890's, and seems to have closed between 1936 (for when the National Archives of Scotland have minutes), and the later 1950's, as the O.S. map for 1957-8 doesn't show it. The 1946 edition shows it as a U.F. church, though it may have been closed by then. It had been preceded by a wooden church, known as the "Spale Kirk", built in 1846, which shows on the 1858 O.S. map as Free Church. It was presumably demolished at some point subsequent to the building of the Free Church of 1864. It stood at circa NS 3589 1459. The congregation didn't have a permanent home before the wooden church. NS 3618 1461. All Howard Richter (2014). 
Darvel, the Parish Church (CoS, 1887-8) on Hastings Square, originally known as Central Church. NS 5632 3745. Link. Grade B listed. The former Free Church, later known as Easton Memorial Church, closed in 1992 following union with the then Central Church. NS 5621 3748. The former Evangelical Union Church on West Main Street. According to the website for the parish church, this church closed in 1965. NS 5621 3748. All Martin Richter (2013). The former Original Secession Church (1883) on West Donnington Street. Marked as "O.S. Church" on the 1896 map, "O.S. Ch." on the 1910, it shows as "Hall" on the 1964, 1970 and 1991 editions. NS 5634 3760. Howard Richter (2014). The former United Presbyterian Church (1884) on Ranoldcoup Road. Old maps show what may be a church and school on the same site (though not the same building) in 1858, as it say "Free Church" and "School" on separate lines. It isn't clear whether this is a Free Church School, or a Free Church and a school. The 1896 marks the present building as "U.P. Church" in 1896, and the 1910 as "U.F. Ch.", but the maps of 1964, 1970 and 1991 mark it as "Hall". As the sign shows, it's currently being used by the local Scouts. Another view. NS 5636 3743. Both Howard Richter (2014).

Fenwick, the Parish Kirk. Originally dating from 1643, the church was largely destroyed in a fire in 1929, caused by the church boiler emitting sparks. Three additional views - 1, 2, 3, and an unusual feature - the sentry box, to discourage the "resurrection men"! Plaques in the churchyard explain the church's connections with the Covenanters, and weavers - 1, 2, 3. NS 465 435. Link1, see also the history page here. Link2. The former United Free Church (1843), now in use as the village hall. The 1896 map shows it as "Free Church", the 1910 as "U.F. Church" and the 1965 as "John Fulton Memorial Hall". Following the closure of the church (date so far not known), it re-opened as the Memorial Hall in 1920. Interior view. Two plaques provide a little history - 1, 2. For the orrery mentioned on them, see here. NS 4633 4363. Link. The site of the United Secession Church. NS 4631 4337. A plaque gives a little history, and what may be presumed to be an illustration of the church. The church was built between 1820 and 1846 (evidence from the plaque), and maps tell us that it was United Presbyterian "U. P. Church" in 1896, United Free "U.F. Church" in 1897, and that it had been demolished and replaced by a police station by 1958. Maps also show that the church was closer to the road than the present-day bungalow. All Howard Richter (2014). 

Galston, Parish Church (CoS). Another view. An 1809 build on an ancient site, according to here. NS 500 367. Grade B listed. St. Sophia (R.C., 1885-6) on Bentinck Street clearly echoes the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. Another view. NS 503 365. Link1. Link2. Grade A listed. The former United Presbyterian Church on Wallace Street at NS 5014 3650. The date of closure is at present not known, but it seems to have still been active in 1986, when it shows as Church on the OS map of that year. Grade B listed which says it was a re-build in 1859, and indeed the 1857 OS map shows a smaller building on the site. All Martin Richter (2013). Gospel Hall on Glebedykes. NS 5000 3653. Howard Richter (2014). Mission Hall. NS 4981 3679. Howard Richter (2014).

Hurlford, Church of Scotland, built as a Free Church in 1857. Another view. NS 4541 3708. Link1. Link2. Grade C(S) listed, which says that the organ is a particularly fine instrument. The former Hurlford Kirk (1875) on Main Road. The congregation merged with that of the Free Church in 1996, whereupon this church closed. Two additional views - 1, 2. Grade B listed. NS 4525 3718. St. Paul (R.C.) on Galston Road. Another view. A school in 1896 and 1910 (from old maps), This link says the building dates from the 1850's, but this one says 1883. The Scottish Catholic Archives website holds registers from 1883. NS 4580 3695. The former United Presbyterian Church (1897-8) on Mauchline Road, now converted to residential use. From map evidence, it was built after 1896, and before 1910,when it shows as United Free. This source quotes Hansard (1948), from which "has been derelict for 16 years". It also says that it was in use as a hostel during WWII. What other use was made of it between 1932 and 2007 is at present unclear. NS 4554 3665. All Martin Richter (2013).

Kilmarnock.
Kilmaurs, St. Maurs Glencairn Parish Church (CoS). Another view. This huge memorial is very typical of Scottish churchyards. NS 4146 4077. Link1. Link2. A sparse Grade B listing. Maxwell and Kilmarnock United Free Church (1844 - date-stone). Another view. NS 4092 4108. Link. There is also an interesting history of the United Free Church here. The closed Glencairn United Presbyterian Church on Fenwick Road, now in use as a stained glass studio. At least the second church on this site, it was built in 1864 to replace an earlier (and smaller) church, which shows on the 1857 OS map. Grade C(S) listed. All Martin Richter (2013). 

Lugar, the former Parish Church, now converted to residential use. Another view, and the handsome war memorial. NS 5909 2134. All Howard Richter (2014).

Mauchline, Parish Church (CoS). Opened in 1829, it replaced an older church demolished in 1827. James Murray (2009). The former Mission Hall. The church board is beside the downspout at the left of the building - "Mission Hall" can still just be made out. Two further views - 1, 2. NS 4998 2726. All Howard Richter (2014). A United Presbyterian Church stood on The Knowe, at NS 4972 2736. The site is now occupied by a bungalow (the building on the left of the photo). O.S. maps show it as U.P. Church in 1896, Mauchline North Church in 1959 and 1972. Another view. In the old photo of the church, linked to at the end of this entry, the house immediately to the right of the church is still standing, see here. All Howard Richter (2014). A photo of the church is available here.
Muirkirk (Church of Scotland). Unknown Church, now identified as St. Thomas (R.C.) by Janet Smith, to whom many thanks. Both Martin Briscoe. The former St. Thomas (R.C.) at NS 7004 2769. Howard Richter (2014). The former Free Church. NS 6961 2745. Howard Richter (2014). Evangelical Union. NS 6963 2751. Howard Richter (2014).

New Cumnock.
Newmilns, Loudoun Church (CoS). An 1844 church on an older site. Another view. Commemorative tablet to Murdoch Nisbet, of whom more on Wikipedia here. NS 5376 3733. All Martin Richter (2013). Link. News item. Grade B listed. Townheads Church (1994) on Main Street. NS 5391 3740. Howard Richter (2014). The site of the demolished East Church, replaced by housing and now called East Church Court. The church was built before 1858, and is marked on the 1858 and 1896 maps as "Free Church", in 1910 as "U.F. Church", and in 1964 as "Loudoun East Church". It was demolished in 1980, subsequent to the joining of the congregations of Loudoun Church and East Church. NS 539 375. Howard Richter (2014).

Ochiltree, Parish Church, on Main Street. 1798, re-built in 1897-8. Another view. NS 5055 2110. Grade B listed. Based on map evidence, a Free Church stood at NS 5065 2105 before 1858, and was still extant in 1959 (although probably out of use by then). The site is now a small park. Two further views - 1, 2. All Howard Richter (2014).

Pathhead, the former Gospel Hall. NS 6194 1437. Howard Richter (2014).
Patna, the parish Church (1837) on Main Street. Two further views - 1, 2. The adjacent church hall dates from 1898. NS 4122 1064. Link. The former Free Church, on Main Street. Map evidence suggests it was built after 1896, and before 1909, when it shows as U.F. Church. It continued showing on O.S. maps at least up to the 1985 edition (United Free Church). Evidently now closed, this photo on an external website, is from 2006, and the church appears to be being looked after, so was possibly still active at that date. Another view. NS 4150 1055. It had been preceded by an earlier church at circa NS 4143 1056, which shows on the 1857 map, and it continued in use as the church hall, at least until 1962, when it is shown as such on the O.S. map of that year. The former Ebenezer Gospel Hall on Main Street, which was for sale in 2014. Another view. NS 4129 1068. All Howard Richter (2014).

Sorn, the parish church. Martin Briscoe.
Stewarton, St. Columba (CoS) on Lainshaw Street. Built in 1696 (date-stone), probably on the site of an earlier church, it was originally known as Laigh Kirk. It had a change of name when the church joined with the congregation of the Cairns United Free Church in 1962. Three additional views - 1, 2, 3. NS 419 457. Link. Some history (pdf) here. Grade B listed. The site (the smaller house in the terrace, towards the right of the photo) of the demolished United Presbyterian Church on Main Street. Maps reveal the following history - 1857 and 1896 "U.P. Church", 1910 "U.F. Ch.", and 1964, "U.F. Church". Howard considers that this is likely to be the Cairns United Free Church, in which case it was founded in 1776, with a new church replacing it in 1854 (source). The location of the earlier church is so far unknown, but it will be the latter church whose site is on the photo. By 1991 it had been demolished, and re-developed for the housing now on the site. NS 4216 4604. Roman Catholic Church, north of Lainshaw Street at NS 419 457. One on-line resource says it was built in 1974, which contradicts the O.S. map of 1964, which shows "Our Lady and St. John RC Church" on the same site - although possibly the 1974 date refers to a re-build. U.R.C. (formerly Congregational). NS 4189 4607. John Knox Parish Church (1841, CoS) on Main Street. Like so many Scottish churches, it has a history of denominational changes. Built in 1841-2 as Church of Scotland, it separated as part of the schism of 1843 and became a Free Church. In 1900 it became known as John Knox Free Church, before re-joining the Church of Scotland in 1929 (a good history here). Grade B listed. All Howard Richter (2014).

Waterside, the former Parish Church (CoS) now converted to residential use. NS 4362 0881. St. Francis Xavier (R.C.). Two additional views - 1, 2. A convent (demolished) stood on what is now the car park. NS 4452 0807. All Howard Richter (2014).

 

 

 

 

 
 

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31 January 2017

Steve Bulman

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